Table 3

Race-Specific Associations of Arterial Elastance With Cardiac Structure and Function, After Adjusting for Confounders

BlackWhitep Value for Interaction
(n = 1,257)p Value(n = 4,233)p Value
Cardiac structure
 EDVI1.56 ± 0.28<0.001−0.33 ± 0.170.048<0.001
 LV mass/BSA3.21 ± 0.55<0.0010.16 ± 0.320.61<0.001
 LV mass/height2.71.80 ± 0.27<0.0010.36 ± 0.150.020<0.001
 LV mass/EDV0.02 ± 0.010.120.02 ± 0.010.0070.90
 LA volume index0.03 ± 0.220.87−0.92 ± 0.13<0.001<0.001
Systolic function
 Ejection fraction−2.23 ± 0.18<0.001−1.38 ± 0.10<0.001<0.001
 Peak longitudinal strain0.74 ± 0.07<0.0010.59 ± 0.04<0.0010.20
 s′−0.32 ± 0.03<0.001−0.23 ± 0.02<0.0010.34
Diastolic function
 E-wave−1.68 ± 0.47<0.001−4.00 ± 0.30<0.0010.003
 A-wave−2.41 ± 0.48<0.001−3.36 ± 0.31<0.0010.15
 Deceleration time−4.06 ± 1.16<0.001−4.48 ± 0.77<0.0010.58
 E/A ratio0.01 ± 0.010.12−0.01 ± 0.0050.0110.06
 e′−0.33 ± 0.04<0.001−0.22 ± 0.02<0.0010.028
 E/e′ ratio0.42 ± 0.11<0.001−0.32 ± 0.06<0.001<0.001

Values are coefficients (β ± SE) for each 1-SD increase in arterial elastance adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, use of antihypertensive medication, diabetes mellitus, heart rate, and prevalent coronary heart disease or heart failure.

Abbreviations as in Table 2.