Table 3

Results of Data Synthesis

First Author (Ref. #)LGE-PositiveLGE-NegativeWeight (%)OR (95% CI)
EventsNo EventsEventsNo Events
Wu (18)4233353.32 (0.4–9.9)
Yokokawa (20)12 (12.88)6 (6.88)0 (0.12)11 (11.12)0.3169.8 (0.6–50,900)
Kono (19)4142122.41.7 (0.3–11.1)
Looi (21)6251711.817 (2–148.6)
Iles (22)9 (9.82)22 (22.82)0 (0.18)30 (30.18)0.471.6 (0.7–7,701.2)
Fernández-Armenta (23)7 (7.75)8 (8.75)0 (0.25)22 (22.25)0.578.4 (1.4–4,499.2)
Klem (24)9282253.14 (0.8–20.4)
Leyva (25)3 (3.53)17 (17.53)0 (0.47)77 (77.47)0.933.3 (1.5–733.6)
Masci (26)0 (0.74)50 (50.74)1 (1.26)74 (74.26)1.00.9 (0.1–15.6)
Gulati (15)421002330726.75.6 (3.2–9.8)
Müller (27)18676768.63.4 (1.3–9.1)
Neilan (28)38433785.423 (6.7–78.8)
Šramko (29)3 (3.90)25 (25.90)0 (0.10)14 (14.10)0.220.7 (0.04–10,000)
Yoshida (30)1 (1.76)20 (20.76)0 (0.24)29 (29.24)0.410.3 (0.1–761.7)
Almehmadi (16)16916568.31.6 (0.6–4.4)
Hasselberg (31)2 (2.66)2 (2.66)0 (0.34)9 (9.34)0.627.5 (0.6–1,255.2)
Machii (32)2 (2.90)46 (46.90)0 (0.10)24 (24.10)0.214.5 (0.03–7,470.7)
Masci (33)65521653.19 (1.8–45.9)
Mordi (34)3215673.61.9 (0.4–8.7)
Nabeta (35)2 (2.80)34 (34.80)0 (0.20)39 (39.20)0.415.9 (0.2–1,539.6)
Perazzolo Marra (36)17595567.33.2 (1.1–9.3)
Rodríguez-Capitán (37)08281.10.3 (0.02–5.1)
Yamada (38)1 (1.77)24 (24.77)0 (0.23)32 (32.23)0.410.2 (0.1–833.3)
Amzulescu (39)6576935.91.6 (0.5–5.3)
Barison (40)5342482.93.5 (0.6–19.3)
Buss (41)93382.48 (1.2–51.5)
Chimura (17)18 (18.91)104 (104.91)0 (0.09)53 (53.09)0.2105.8 (0.2–73,500)
Piers (42)23325276.93.9 (1.3–11.6)
Tachi (43)6151191.77.6 (0.8–70.2)
Total2721,033781,565100.04.3 (3.3–5.8)

For studies with zeroes, the empirical correction for zeroes was applied, and the corrected raw data are presented in parentheses. Weighted overall OR was calculated using the fixed-effects model.

CI = confidence interval; LGE = late gadolinium enhancement; OR = odds ratio.