Table 2

Mortality Rates Associated With HF Stages in the Community

HF StageNo. Events/No. at RiskPerson-Years at RiskCrude Incidence RateAge- and Sex-Adjusted
Death Rate (95% CI)
HR (95% CI)p Value for HR
Healthy23/2,58517,9340.1282.92 (0.12-4.50)ReferentReferent
Stage A90/2,46815,5060.5804.11 (2.82-5.35)1.97 (1.24-3.13)0.0042
Stage B88/1,6379,9920.8814.80 (2.97-6.53)2.07 (1.29-3.34)0.0027
Stage C/D31/803628.56412.52 (7.67-16.72)7.83 (4.61-13.28)<0.0001

CI = confidence interval; HF = heart failure; HR = hazard ratio.

  • Data shown are number per 100 person-years.

  • Risk of death over 8 years.