Table 4

Post-Transplantation Cardiopulmonary Stress Test Parameters According to Pre-Transplantation Gal-3 Levels

Pre-Gal-3 <17.8 ng/mlPre-Gal-3 ≥17.8 ng/mlp Value
Peak heart rate
 1 yr133 ± 20132 ± 150.76
 2 yrs140 ± 19134 ± 220.54
 3 yrs147 ± 24133 ± 190.07
Systolic blood pressure response
 1 yr27 ± 3235 ± 180.68
 2 yrs33 ± 2436 ± 180.31
 3 yrs32 ± 2234 ± 210.64
Exercise duration, min
 1 yr8 ± 27 ± 10.02
 2 yrs9 ± 27 ± 20.03
 3 yrs9 ± 27 ± 20.01
METS
 1 yr5.6 ± 1.54.9 ± 1.00.11
 2 yrs6.2 ± 1.44.8 ± 1.10.01
 3 yrs6.8 ± 1.94.9 ± 1.40.01
Peak Vo2
 1 yr20 ± 517 ± 40.11
 2 yrs22 ± 517 ± 40.01
 3 yrs24 ± 717 ± 50.01
RER
 1 yr1.2 ± 0.11.2 ± 0.10.74
 2 yrs1.3 ± 0.11.2 ± 0.10.29
 3 yrs1.3 ± 0.11.2 ± 0.10.45
VE/VCo2
 1 yr31 ± 334 ± 50.04
 2 yrs31 ± 333 ± 40.03
 3 yrs30 ± 333 ± 40.01
Breathing reserve
 1 yr51 ± 1346 ± 140.23
 2 yrs45 ± 1144 ± 150.65
 3 yrs42 ± 1347 ± 140.31
Anaerobic threshold
 1 yr1,092 ± 2961,060 ± 2990.72
 2 yrs1,218 ± 3411,032 ± 2890.09
 3 yrs1,257 ± 413954 ± 3380.03

Values are mean ± SD.

METS = metabolic equivalents; RER = respiratory exchange ratio; VE/VCo2 = ventilation/Co2 output ratio; Vo2 = oxygen consumption; y = year post transplantation.