Table 1

Clinical Studies of ICD vs. No ICD in LVAD Patients

First Author (Ref. #)Patient Enrollment YearsPublication YearnParticipantsDesignMean Follow-Up
Andersen et al. (12)2006–2008200923CF-LVAD onlyRetrospective observational9 months
Refaat et al. (17)1996–20032012144PF-LVAD plus BIVADRetrospective observational12 months
Enriquez et al. (14)2008–2012201398CF-LVAD plus BIVADRetrospective observational7 months
Garan et al. (15)2012201394CF-LVAD onlyRetrospective observational13 months
Lee et al. (16)2004–20132015100CF-LVAD plus BIVADRetrospective observational12 months
Cantillon et al. (13)1991–20082009478CF-LVAD plus PF-LVAD plus BIVAD plus RVADRetrospective observational3 months

BIVAD = biventricular assist device; CF = continuous flow; ICD = implantable cardioverter-defibrillator; LVAD = left ventricular assist device; PF = pulsatile flow; RVAD = right ventricular assist device.