Table 6

Association Between In-Hospital Clinical Outcomes and NICM Etiology

In-Hospital MortalityMedian Length of Stay >4 DaysHome to Hospital DischargeTransplant Events
EventsAdjusted OR (95% CI)EventsAdjusted OR (95% CI)EventsAdjusted OR (95% CI)
Hypertension572 (2.0)0.83 (0.71–0.97)11,070 (39.3)1.01 (0.95–1.07)21,811 (79.1)1.05 (0.96–1.15)2 (0.01)
Idiopathic556 (3.1)1.00 (reference)7,150 (40.2)1.00 (reference)13,450 (78.0)1.00 (reference)11 (0.1)
Other258 (3.4)0.98 (0.83–1.16)3,011 (40.0)1.03 (0.94–1.12)5,615 (77.3)1.04 (0.95–1.14)7 (0.1)
Substance abuse54 (2.0)1.11 (0.78–1.56)1,018 (38.4)1.09 (0.99–1.20)2,412 (92.8)0.95 (0.77–1.16)1 (0.04)
Chemotherapy27 (3.7)1.23 (0.86–1.77)285 (39.5)0.96 (0.81–1.14)600 (86.5)1.45 (1.20–1.76)2 (0.3)
Familial12 (2.2)1.04 (0.63–1.71)209 (37.6)0.94 (0.79–1.13)478 (87.9)1.26 (0.77–2.06)0
Viral10 (2.2)0.98 (0.50–1.91)169 (37.8)1.10 (0.89–1.35)391 (89.5)0.97 (0.66–1.41)2 (0.5)
Post-partum2 (1.0)0.58 (0.12–2.91)65 (31.1)0.87 (0.67–1.14)206 (99.5)5.67 (0.66–49.04)1 (0.5)

Values are n (%), except as noted.

Abbreviations as in Table 5.

  • Model was adjusted for demographics, including age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance status, body mass index; medical history, including atrial arrhythmia, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, lung disease, stroke/transient ischemic attack, peripheral vascular disease, renal insufficiency, depression, valvular heart disease; presentation characteristics, including systolic blood pressure, ejection fraction, and heart rate; and hospital characteristics, including region, urban versus rural location, number of beds, and academic status.