|Scenario||Lifetime Costs ($)||QALY||ICER ($/QALY)|
|LVAD||Low-Risk Medical Management||Δ||LVAD||Low-Risk Medical Management||Δ|
|LVAD implant cost $0||550,800||339,900||210,900||4.41||2.67||1.74||121,200|
|LVAD outpatient costs reduced by 50% and readmission rate 1 PPY||493,800||333,900||159,900||4.52||2.69||1.84||86,900|
|LVAD readmission rate 2 PPY for the first 6 months, then 1 PPY thereafter∗||620,900||349,800||271,100||4.41||2.67||1.74||155,800|
|Medical management readmission increases 0.2 PPY per year, and utility decreases 0.02 per year†||726,200||361,800||364,400||4.41||2.29||2.13||171,100|
ICER = incremental cost-effectiveness ratio; PPY = per patient year; QALY = quality-adjusted life-year; other abbreviations as in Table 2.